Chapter Twenty Nine.
Ancient Gold-Seekers of Western New South Wales.
“Homage to thee, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords, and Prince of Princes.
Thou hast ruled the Two Lands from the womb of the goddess Nut.
Thou has governed the Lands of Akert. Thy members are of silver-gold,
thy head is of lapis-lazuli, and the crown of thy head is of turquoise.
Thou art An of millions of years. Thy body is all pervading,
O beautiful Face in Ta-tchesert.
Grant thou to me glory in heaven, and power upon earth,
and truth-speaking in the divine Underworld,
and the power to sail down the river to Tetu in the form of a living Ba-soul,
and the power to sail up the river to Abydos in the form of a Benu bird,
and the power to pass in through and to pass out from,
without obstruction, the doors of the lords of the Tuat.
Let there be given unto me bread-cakes in the house of refreshing,
and sepulchral offerings of cakes and ale, and propitiatory offerings in Anu,
and a permanent homestead in Sekhet-Aaru,
with wheat and barley therein – to the Double of the Osiris,
the scribe Ani”.
From Hymn to Osiris Un-nefer
Book of the Dead.
The foregoing ancient text is of some interest to us. An or Ani, was an ancient form of the Sun-God and Moon-God who was the president of the Company of the Gods. Ani was also a form of the Eye of Horus, and as such had a place in the Matet Boat of the Rising Sun. The all-pervading body of Osiris symbolised the world. The Underworld was not only symbolic of the Afterworld to the ancients, it also symbolised the Southern Hemisphere and the “Lost Paradise”, the mysterious southern continent also known as Kenti-Amenti, the “Land of the Gods”.
The “Lost Paradise” also known as the “Land of origin of all mankind” had long been discovered, or should we say ‘rediscovered’, for these later civilisation offshoots of Old Uru, as we have seen early in this book, were merely returning to the land of origin of their forefathers. And in doing so, they were establishing mining kingdoms the like of which would never again be seen.
The first trireme loads of explorers to penetrate the Murray River, would have first established a coastal base at its mouth at Encounter Bay before pushing on inland, eventually to meet the junction of the Murray and Darling Rivers where the town of Wentworth now stands. Perhaps finding traces of gold and copper in this region, and having ventured up the Darling for some distance, they would have realised the need for considerable reinforcements, particularly once voyages along the Murray, perhaps as far as Echuca and beyond resulted in the discovery of more rich mineral-bearing fields.
As we have seen, these expeditions were no mere male thing, for they always had their women and families with them.
The Phoenicians would have led the way for their expertise in finding mineral and gemstone deposits, and once camels and horses arrived in large cargo ships, they and their allies would have been able to explore deep inland beyond the rivers, perhaps even west of the Darling to discover the mineral riches of the Broken Hill region. Egyptian type human figure rock art has reportedly been found there in gold, copper and iron ore rich terrain.
The settling of the interior would have been a gradual process, and therefore I believe traces of a major base settlement arose in the Wentworth area, to handle the smelted ores of gold, copper, tin, silver and gemstones that were floated down the two great rivers as mining operations began to get underway. From here they would have been transported on the Murray to the coast. Originally this wealth was shipped home to Egypt, but as I suggest, with the rise of the Australian Pharaohs this practice would one day cease as the new rulers set about creating their own private kingdoms in Australia.
Before the great offshoot river systems of the Macquarie, Namoi-Peel and Gwydir were opened up, it is very likely that the offshoot systems of the Murray were explored first, resulting in these intrepid mineral-hunters opening up rich fields in the Murrumbidgee and Lachlan, the Edward and Moulamein Rivers and others hereabouts. The Murrumbidgee alone would have carried ships as far into the interior as Narrandera, Wagga Wagga and the Yass district roughly west of Goulburn, where good gold deposits were to be found.
And we must remember once again that, while today these rivers, and the Darling in particular, are prone to drying up at times, and that today it would not be possible for large vessels to sail on certain ancient waterways now reduced to a trickle, in those far-off times the inland water table was far higher that it is today, which would have allowed inland penetration by large ships, or even the hippos, and then there was always the canoe, camels and horses being brought in once important deposits were found.
By these means it is no wonder that Australia was criss-crossed by the Bronze-Age mineral seekers.
Some evidence has already emerged to support these hypothetical inland voyages, in the form of ancient rock scripts, certain Aboriginal rock art and traditions, which include Sun-worship practices of the early tribespeople which paralleled those of the ancient Egyptians.
My late father Mr W.F. [Bill] Gilroy, when as young miner in the 1930s at Adelong, in the Murrumbidgee country just west of Tumut, was shown ancient rock shelter etchings of the early tribespeople depicting human figures clothed in Egyptian-style garments. The beings were associated with the Sun, he was told by an old Aboriginal friend.
The first anthropologists to enter central western New South Wales in the mid-19th century were surprised to discover ancient Egyptian-style Sun-Worship philosophies and rites being practised by the Aboriginal tribes of the region.
Following the Murrumbidgee from its beginning on the Murray and its course past Balranald, we come to the Great Kambung Swamp, where the Lachlan river branches off to flow on through Booligal, Hillston and Lake Cargelligo roughly north-west until it turns at Condobolin to flow south-east through Forbes and Cowra until it fades away near Cullerin west of Goulburn. All along the course of this river for generations farmers have been turning up mystery rock scripts.
The entire region is rich gold-bearing country, the prized metal of the Bronze-Age God-Kings. The ancient mariners who explored along the Darling at one time or another probably ventured into the many minor rivers and creeks [as well as the Paroo River to the north of Wilcannia, which would have carried them all the way north to the Queensland border country and further north] such as the Yanda and Mulga Creeks and other water courses which today are mere trickles except in flood periods.
Any of these water courses would have been deep and wide enough in antiquity to have carried ships of the Nile and Canaan to rich mineral and gemstone fields in the interior of the Central West.
On beyond modern Bourke the Darling becomes the Culgoa River, which has its origins in Queensland, as does the Bokhara River a little further on.
Near the Culgoa River, branching south-east from the Barwon, the Bogan River winds its way down past Nyngan to a point between Peak Hill and Parkes where it comes to an end. There is a ghostly trail of evidence to be found along this river, such as Egyptian-style Sun-Worship rites among the early tribespeople that paralleled ancient Egyptian beliefs, and which were observed by early researchers who settled the region during the 19th century.
The tribespeople also flaked a curious stone anvil for the manufacture of small tools such as spearheads, scrapers, knives and chisels. Examples of this anvil have been recorded from sites near Bourke, Brewarrina and further inland at Nyngan. Known as the “Bogan River Pyramid” it varies in size and has four sides rising to a point in the manner of a miniature pyramid, Yet locals of the Nyngan district speak of a strange crumbling “pyramid hill” that lies somewhere out there in the mulga.